Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in adults, and heart disease is one of the most common causes of mortality. Smokers have a higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) including coronary arteryclerosis, stroke, and diabetes. CVD can lead to fatal heart attacks and strokes, both of which are major killers in adults.
Heart attack rates are highest among smokers who also smoke cigars or pipe tobacco products; however, these rates are not always consistent across different studies. For example, a study published in “The Lancet” found that the rate ofheart attack was three times greater in cigar smokers than pipe smokers – even though pipes smoking is generally considered more harmful than cigars. In another study published in “JAMA” Lifestyle factors that reduce your risk for heart failure: A systematic review.” The authors analyzed data from over 63 million people living around the world who were enrolled in 10 epidemiological studies between 1971-2007 to determine whether lifestyle factors such as physical activity levels and eating habits had any impact on deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD). They found no significant associations between any lifestyle factor and CHD death rates but did find some association with death due to other causes such as cancer or renal impairment.” These results suggest that it may be important to focus on diet instead of smoking when trying to improve overall cardiovascular health.”